زیادہ تلاش کیے گئے الفاظ

محفوظ شدہ الفاظ

زیادہ تلاش کیے گئے الفاظ

حُلْم

خواب

سَرکَشی

نافرمانی، بغاوت

سُولی

محنت، مشقت

حَمّام

گرم پانی کا غسل خانہ، نہانے کی بند جگہ (جس کو سردیوں میں آتش دان کے ذریعے گرم کرنے کا انتظام ہو)

صاحِبِ مَسْنَد

گدی نشین، مسند نشین، بادشاہ، رئیس یا امیر کا مسند اقتدار پر بیٹھنا

نِکھَٹُّو

وہ شخص جو کچھ نہ کمائے (کماؤ کی ضد)

مَسْت مَولا

جو اپنی مرضی کے مطابق کام کرتا ہو، اپنے میں مست رہنے والا، من موجی، من مگن

حَمْلَہ

چڑھائی، ہلّہ، دھاوا

عُبُوری حُکُومَت

عارضی حکومت، دو مستقل حکومتوں کے درمیانی دور میں عارضی طور پر قائم ہونے والی حکومت

عُبُوری

عارضی، وقتی، ہنگامی

بادِیُ النَّظَر میں

ابتدائی سوچ میں، اول فکر میں، بظاہر، ظاہراً، ظاہر میں

مِلَنْسار

میل جول رکھنے والا، ہر ایک سے ملنے والا، خلیق

بیباک

(کرنا یا ہونا کے ساتھ) بے خوف، نڈر

ضِمْنی اِنْتِخابات

وہ انتخابات جو پارلیمنٹ یا اسمبلی وغیرہ کی خالی نشستوں کو پُر کرنے کے لیے متعلقہ حلقوں سے عمل میں لائے جائیں

اَنْجام

انتہا، آخر، اختتام، آغاز کی ضد، نتیجہ

نَو کَھنڈ

پران کے مطابق زمین کے کل نو حصے ہیں، جیسے: بھارت، اِیْلاوَرَت، کِنْ پُرُشْ، بھَدْر، کیتومال، ہری، ہِرْنَے، رَمْیَکْ اور کُشْ، دنیا کے نو بڑے حصے، (چونکہ پہلے صرف ایشیا ہی کو تمام زمین خیال کرتے تھے، اس وجہ سے ایشیا ہی کے بڑے بڑے ملک سمجھنے چاہئیں)، نیز دنیا یا معلوم دنیا کا مرکزی حصہ، تمام دنیا، نو دنیائیں

نِروگِت

بیماری سے بچا ہوا یا محفوظ، تندرست، صحت مند

رَقَابَت

نگہبانی، پناہ، حفاظت، وہ نوک جھونک جو ہم پیشکی یا ہمسری کی بنا پر ہوتی ہے (خصوصاً ایک معشوق کے دو عاشقوں میں)، ہمسرانہ چشمک، حریفوں کا باہم رشک یا مقابلہ

چَھمِیا

شوخ و چنچل، چھمک چھلّو

یَومُ البَعث

قیامت کا دن، مردوں کو زندہ کرنے کا دن، یوم النشور

Home / Blog / Know to Say No in Urdu? Know You Don’t!

Know to Say No in Urdu? Know You Don’t!

by Rajat Kumar 18 December 2021 4 min Read

Know to Say No in Urdu? Know You Don’t!

 

During the Victorian times, one unsaid phrase of caution was known by all women alike:

‘You must know how to say no.’

Fast forward to now, it has only become much pregnant with gravity than ever!

Now its meaning doesn’t need to be spelled out; it’s out there, but how about prying into it literally?

Here’s the deal, in this blog we’ll try to pick up the many privative and negating particles that abound in Urdu and figure out how we can say yes by saying no!

Naa

Expressions like Naa-Samajh, Naa-Kaam, Naa-Laaiq, Naa-Aashnaa, etc. are common knowledge.

But Naa can be used in an affirmatory sense, too, like ‘Naa Kaho’ – don’t say, as opposed to ‘Kaho Naa’ – Do say!

Verbal acrobatics apart, ‘Naa’ can also sometimes appear as its short ‘Na’, and be prefixed; for instance ‘Nikamma’!

Interestingly, Naa and Na can affix to a single word and give different meanings! Take ‘Naa-Diida’, which means a blind person who can’t see anything, and ‘Na-Diida’, which means a greedy person who doesn’t see anything (except himself).

Be

Inspired from the Sanskrit privative ‘Vi:’, as in Virodh, Vidhroh, etc., ‘Be’ is commonly used to nullify nouns – ‘Be-Rahm’, ‘Be-Kaar’, ‘Be-Sharm’, and so on.

‘Be’ can also create double-negative words which are quite rare, like ‘Be-Kas’, Kas means somebody/nobody in Persian, so ‘Be-Kas’ literally translates to ‘one without no one’, i.e., forlornly, friendless.

Like Naa and Na, ‘Be’ can also diminish to ‘Bi’ and affix to words, like ‘Bayaabaan’, which is literally ‘Be-Aab-aan’, a place without water, i.e., a desert.

Ghair

In this context, Ghair means ‘other’. Its English equivalent is ‘not’, as in ‘fine/not fine’, similarly, ‘Latif/Ghair-Latif’.

Ghair and Naa can often appear synonymously, as in ‘Ghair-Maujuud’/'Naa-Maujuud’, but can come to yield different meanings, too, as in ‘Naa-Motabar’ – Not credible, and ‘Ghair-Motabar’ – Incredible.

Similarly, ‘Ghair’ and ‘Be’ can sometimes be used interchangeably but in some cases, they can contradict, like ‘Be-Ikhtiyar’ – helpless, and ‘Ghair-Ikhtiyar’ – involuntary.

In principle how these three differ is that the former two predominantly affix to nouns, while the latter conjoins with verbs/adjectives. But again, there’s no fixed rule either!

Laa

An Arabic privative, it appears mostly with Arabic nouns, as in ‘Laa-Waris’ (heirless), Laa-Ta’adaad (innumerable), etc.

But there is one queer word with which ‘Laa’ frequently appears, the Sanskrit-derived ‘Pataa’, forming ‘Laa-Pataa’ – missing, without a sign.

In comparison to the privatives discussed above, ‘Laa’ is also a meaning-intensifier. Like, ‘Be-Haasil’ – of no avail, and ‘Laa-Haasil’ – completely unavailing.

Another interesting comparison is of ‘Be-Jawaab’ – answerless (as in guilty), and ‘Laa-Jawaab’ – speechless (as in exceptional)!

Bilaa

A combination of ‘Ba’ (with) and ‘Laa’ (not), this little particle is much more than a privative, it's a Balaa!

‘Bilaa’ is mostly used in place of ‘without’, as in ‘Bila-TaaKHiir’ (w/o delay), ‘Bila-Shubah’ (w/o doubt), ‘Bilaa-Takalluf’ (w/o hesitation). But there is more to it!

‘Bilaa’ also means ‘beyond’. Take these, ‘Be-Tashbih’ – lacking a simile, and ‘Bilaa-Tashbiih’ – incomparable! Similarly, ‘Be-Ta’beer’ – lacking explanation, versus ‘Bilaa-Ta’beer’ – inexplicable!

Gum

The last of all privatives, and the least privative of all.

Gum is an extraordinary particle; it can negate while not negating at all!

For instance, ‘Gum-Shuda’, means lost, but it also means something else – that that which is ‘Gum-Shuda’, is just not there, but it isn’t like it is not nowhere!

Take the example, ‘Gum-Naam’ as opposed to ‘Be-Naam’, the former means anonymous, but the latter means completely nameless! Meaning the word ‘Gum’ is not negating the name, but is just concealing or rendering it unknown!

In one of my earlier couplets, I used the expression ‘Gum-Misaal’ against the more common ‘Be-Misaal’. Why?

Because, Be-Misaal simply means one without an equal, whereas ‘Gum-Misaal’ means its equal is there, but can’t be traced.

It’s much richer in meaning since the certainty of something not being is less agonizing than the uncertainty of its being.

On that philosophical note, I leave you against this suite of negatives.

Let us know if you know more about no, not because there has not been enough naysaying already, but because there might be more to it!

Forget not, never did nobody not say for no reason, ‘Never say never!’.  

      

بولیے

Delete 44 saved words?

کیا آپ واقعی ان اندراجات کو حذف کر رہے ہیں؟ انہیں واپس لانا ناممکن ہوگا۔

Want to show word meaning

Do you really want to Show these meaning? This process cannot be undone

Recent Words