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प्राचीन काल में अपराधियों को प्राण-दंड देने हेतु प्रयुक्त उपकरण; सलीब


प्राचीन स्नानागारों का वह भीतरी कक्ष जिसमें गरम पानी की व्यवस्था रहती थी


सिंहास या मसनद पर बैठने वाला, मंत्री या सेनापति का राज-सिंहासन पर बैठना, महाराजा, राजा


वह व्यक्ति जो कुछ न कमाए (कमाऊ का उलटा)


जो मनमाने ढंग से काम करता हो, अपने में मस्त रहने वाला, मनमौजी


धावा, हल्ला, आक्रमण, युद्धयात्रा


अंतरिम सरकार, मध्यवर्ती व अस्थायी सरकार


अंतरिम, अस्थाई, हंगामी

बादियुन्नज़र में

प्रथम दृष्टया, ऊपर से देखने पर, ज़ाहिर मे, प्रत्यक्ष रूप में


जिसकी प्रवृत्ति सबसे मिलते रहने तथा प्यार-मुहब्बत बनाये रखने की हो, मिलने जुलने का शौक़ीन, अच्छे बर्ताव और नर्म स्वभाव वाला, आत्मीयता से मिलने वाला, प्यार-मोहब्बत वाला, सुशील


अभय, निडर


वह चुनाव जो संसद या विधानसभा आदि के रिक्त स्थानों को भरने के लिए संबंधित क्षेत्रों में कराया जाए, उपचुनाव


अंत, परिणाम, समापन, समाप्ति, फल, नतीजा, अख़िर, अंतिम


पुराणानुसार या प्राचीन भारतीय मान्यता के अनुसार पृथ्वी के नौ खंड- भरत, किंपुरुष, भद्र, हरि, हिरण्य, केतुमाल, इलावर्त, कुरु और रम्यक


रोग से रहित, बीमारी से बचा हुआ या सुरक्षित, तंदरुस्त, सेहतमंद


प्रतिद्वंद्विता, विरोध, एक महबूब के दो चाहने वालों की शत्रुता, वो नोंक-झोंक जो एक जैसे पेशा या सहकर्मी होने की बिना पर होती है, (सामान्यतः एक सुंदरी के दो चाहने वालों के बीच), सहकर्मीयों की नोंक-झोंक, प्रतिद्वंदियों की आपस में प्रतिस्पर्धा, एक नायिका के दो प्रेमियों की परस्पर लाग-डाँट, एक पुरुष की दो चाहनेवालियों में परस्पर डाह


शोख़ और चंचल स्त्री, छम्मक छल्लो, इतराने वाली ख़ूबसूरत स्त्रियों को दिया जानेवाला संबोधन


प्रलय का दिन, क़यामत का दिन, मुर्दों को ज़िंदा करने का दिन


दहेज, शादी का सामान, ब्याह में दुल्हन को दिया जाने-वाला सामान, दहेज

ख़ुदा गंजे को नाख़ुन न दे

भगवान एक कम उत्साही और नीच आदमी को कोई अधिकार या सत्ता न दे

Home / Blog / From Script Sounds to Sound Script: A Fresh Take on Learning Urdu

From Script Sounds to Sound Script: A Fresh Take on Learning Urdu

by Rajat Kumar 12 December 2021 3 min Read

From Script Sounds to Sound Script: A Fresh Take on Learning Urdu

phir nazar me.n phuul mahke dil me.n phir sham.e.n jalii.n
phir tasavvur ne liyaa us bazm me.n jaane kaa naam

This verse above by Faiz Sahab is inarguably among the most adored couplets of Urdu language.

But besides its evocative imagery and nostalgic vibe, do you know what’s the secret behind Ghazal-lovers reciting it over and over, like a cryptic Mantra?

It’s rich, resonant sound effects.

If you know a thing or two about prosody and know how to recite a She’r in tune with its metrical pulse, you know once you recite this verse you’d be stuck in an endless loop!

I know this is one of the most popular meters and there are countless Urdu Ghazals in it, but what is it that particularly stimulates the flow of sounds in this couplet of Faiz?

It’s the repetitive ‘Ph’ sound in the verse.

Especially, with the ‘Phir’ and ‘Phuul’, and again the ‘Phir’ in the second hemistich.

The ‘Ph’ falls exactly on the first beat of a rhythmic time-signature; say, the ‘Sam’ of a 4/4 taal or Rupak Taal, or precisely, the ‘Dhaa’ of the Tabla.

It’s as if the aspirated, blown-out sound of ‘Ph’ lifts the verse to a crescendo at every beat drop:

Phir - na- zar- mein / Phuu - l -mah - ke / dil -me -phir - Sham / en-ja-lii.n
Dam-da-Dam-Dam/ Dam-da-Dam-Dam/ Dam-da-Dam-Dam/ Dam-da-Dam

Kind of cool, no?

But wait, now try something else, replace the imposing ‘Ph’ sound, with the faint ‘f’, now recite the verse.

Notice the difference; not that sonorous at all, right?

What’s happened is that the ‘f’ has literally taken the air out of the verse.

Sadly, or else, this is how most modern-day Urdu poetry aficionados-cum-aspirants read and recite this verse, with the syllable ‘f’.

Though it's common knowledge why this has come to pass – the fact that readers of the Urdu script have skimmed and Devanagari has dropped the all-essential Nuqtas or dots that helped readers tell apart these different syllables – it’s not the Hindi or Urdu speaker who stands at a loss, but it’s that Hindustani speaker, who is positive that Urdu/Hindi is just one language and his OWN, who has further distanced from his Lingua Franca.

And this has surely not been helped by counterproductive arguments such as, ‘So what if Devanagari has dropped Nuqtas, Urdu texts are also barely marked with diacritics (E’raab) which make identifying vowels harder; eventually, people know what they’re talking about!’

The truth is, people don’t. 

If you take sensible reading out of the equation, speaking sense makes no sense.

And yes, this forced rigidity upon the two scripts is being broken by Aamozish and the likes, yet for us modern learners and speakers, who are flushed upon with Roman texts from all sides, we need to embrace, or perhaps even invent, a Sound Script, a script that speaks for itself, a script that makes not just advertisements or slogans meaningful, but also poetry of Faiz and other greats more relatable.

Language has more to do than just communicating a meaning, it has to fulfil the purpose of successfully conveying an idea; for an idea is exceedingly Virgin than its meaning.

Wow! We have quickly digressed from relishing a beautiful couplet into a heart-out rant. Perhaps now is the perfect time to take cue from Faiz Sahab’s ‘phir tasavvur ne liyaa us bazm me.n jaane kaa naam’, and step into ‘’that gathering’’ where we can again touch base with our roots, and can know more and unlearn even more!

Oh, and if this ‘Ph’ vs ‘f’ friction still subsides, then we only have Ghalib to turn to:

aagahii daam-e-shuniidan jis qadar chaahe bichhaa.e
mudda.aa anqaa hai apne aalam-e-taqriir kaa


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