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of or belonging to Kabul


love, fondness, affection, desire


a merchant or trader of small capital or stock-in-trade, a petty merchant, bankrupt, broke


shine, glitter, brightness

suup to suup chhalnii bhii bolii jis me.n bahattar chhed

the kettle calling the pot black, the defective person should look at its own defects before opening the tongue, the one who have a clean image, then it is brag


hen-pecked (husband), subservient husband, uxorious


the celebration of of an engagement, betrothal, engagement

duudh-shariik bahan

foster sister


rebel, traitor, insurgent, mutineer, rebellious, disloyal


custody (plural & singular)


charity, alms

kal aanaa

to obtain relief, to be at ease.


one who draws, printer, the one who sketches, engraver, the writer


a hired labourer, worker


arrangement of nature, system of nature


body, body of animate being


an election that happens at a different time from a main election, to choose a Member of Parliament to replace one who has died or left his or her job, by-election


custom, usage, manner, mode, fashion


a mule


pinching or unpleasant remark

Citation Index

Throughout the lexicographical compilation of Rekhta Dictionary, the team of editors have frequently consulted a variety of relevant referential resources in order to ensure encompassing coverage of the various registers of Urdu vocabulary, combined with all semantic variants recorded in the history of Urdu lexicographical scholarship.

We humbly express our sincere thanks to all those who contributed over the centuries in the creation of the resources we have consulted, before, and during our compilation process and also the contributions we expect to receive in future through We strongly believe that past scholarship generously paves the way for progress and innovation in future.

A dictionary, Hindustani and English, John Shakespear, Third edition. (London: J.L. Cox and Son, 1834)

A New English-Hindustani Dictionary, With Illus. From English Literature And Colloquial English Translated Into Hindustani , S. W. Fallon. (Banaras: Medical Hall Press, 1883).

A Dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, John Thompson Platts. (London: W. H. Allen & Co., 1884)

Dictionary, Hindustāni and English: Duncan Forbes. (London: Wm. H. Allen & Co., 1886)

Sarmāya-e-Zabān-e-Urdu: Syed Zāmin Ali Jalāl Lucknawi. (Lucknow:1886-87)

Ameerul Lughāt (2 Volumes), Munshi Ameer Ahmad Ameer Meenai. (Agra: Maktaba Mufeed-e-Aam, 1891-1892)

A Comprehensive Persian-English Dictionary, including the Arabic words and phrases to be met with in Persian literature, Francis Joseph Steingass. (London: Routledge & K. Paul, 1892)

Ameerul Lughāt (2 Volumes), Munshi Ameer Ahmad Ameer Meenai. (Agra: Maktaba Mufeed-e-Aam, 1891-1892)

Makhzanul Muhāvarāt, Lāla Chiranji Lāl Dehlvi. (New Delhi: Imperial Book Depot, 1898)

Muhāvarāt-e-Hind: Subhān Baksh, (Delhi: Matba Mujtubāi, 1913)

Lughāt-un-Nisa, Syed, Ahmad Dehlvi, 1st edition. (Delhi: Kashiram Press, 1917)

Farhang-e-Shafaq: Lāta Prasād Shafaq Lucknawi). (Lucknow: Urdu Academy Lucknow, 1919)

Muhāvarāt-e-Hind: Subhān Baksh, (Delhi: Matba Mujtubāi, 1913)

Qarār-ul-Lughāt: Qarār Shahjahanpuri. (Lucknow: Matba Gulshan-e-Ibrāhim, 1919)

Noor-ul-Lughāt (4 volumes), Noor-ul-Hasan Nayyar Kākorvi (1924-34). (New Delhi: National Council For the Promotion of Urdu Language, 1998)

Najm-ul-Amsāl: Najmuddin, , Fourth Edition, (Lahore: Barqi Press, 1925)

Muneer-ul-Lughāt: Muneer Lucknawi, (Kanpur: Matba Majeedi, 1930)

Farhang-e-Ghālib: Imtiyāz Ali Arshi. (Rampur, 1947)

Farhang-e-Amsāl: Syed Masūd Hasan Rizvi Adeeb. (Kitab Nagar, Lucknow, 1958)

Urdu Lughat (Tareekhi Usool Par), 1st edition (21 Volumes). Ed. by Urdu Lughat Board. (Karachi: Urdu Lughat Board, 1958-2003)

Lughat-e-Roz Mararah, Urdu Zubaan Mein Ghair Me’yaari Iste’malaat ki Fehrist-o-Tanqeed, Shamsur Rahman Faruqi. (Delhi: Aaj, 2003)

Urdu Hindi Shabd Kosh Mohammed Mustafa Khan Maddah. (Uttar Pradesh: Uttar Pradesh Hindi Sansthan, 1959) ISBN: 9382175997)

Mānak Hindi Kosh, Ram Chandra Verma. (Allahabad : Hindi Sahitya Sammelan, 1962-66)

Hindustāni Kahāvat Kosh: S. W. Fallon, Translated by Krishn Anand Gupt. (New Delhi: National Book Trust, 1968)

Dakhni Urdu ki Lughat: Masūd Husain Khan and Ghulām Umar Khān. (Hyderabad: Andhra Pradesh Sahitya Academy, 1969)

Farhang-e-Asifiya (4 volumes), Syed Mohammad Asif Dehlvi. (New Delhi: National Academy, 1974)

Farhang Istilāhāt-e-Peshawarān (8 Volumes), Maulwi Zafrurrahmān Dehlvi. (Karachi: Anjuman Taraqqi Urdu, 1975)

Bahr-ul-M’aani (Dakni Urdu Lughat), Javed Vashisht. (Faridabad, 1987)

Sankshipt Hindi Shabd Sāgar: Ram Chandra Verma. (Kāshi: Nāgari Prāchārni Sabhā, 1989)

Urdu Hindi Dictionary. (New Delhi: Anjuman Taraqqi Urdu, 1995)

Dakani Lughat: Syeda Jafar, (New Delhi: N.C.P.U.L, 2008)

Farhang-e-Aryan (3 Volumes), Chander Shekhar. (Delhi: Centre for Persian Research, 2010) ISBN: 9789644391279

The Oxford English-Urdu Dictionary, Shanul Haq Haqqee. (Karachi: Oxford University Press, 2014). ISBN: 9780195793406

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