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'ahd

time, season, epoch, age

Gizaa-e-saqiil

heavy or hard to digest food

Garq

drowning, sinking, immersion

ham-'ahd

contemporary, coeval

'ahd-e-hukuumat

period of reign, period of rule

'ahd-e-nau

modern or present age

tajdiid

renewal, revival, novelty, renovation

KHud-saaKHta

home-made, self-appointed, self-styled

qanaa'at

contentment, satisfaction, tranquility, abstinence, ability to do without

Gair-muhazzab

uncivilized, uncultured

raqs

dance, dancing

'umr-e-daraaz

long-life, may (your) life (be) long

tazliil

humiliation, abasement, indignity, disgrace, degradation

qaul-e-faisal

ultimate judgement, statement that settles an issue

zulf-e-daraaz

long tresses, long locks

sarzanish

reprimand, chiding, dressing down, reproof, rebuke, reprehension

saqaafat

customs and beliefs of a specific country or group, culture

'avaamunnaas

public, common people, populace at large

aa.iin

constitution, law, code, enactment, regulation, statute, set rules or laws

zinaa-bil-jabr

rape, ravishment

e'timaad

confidence, faith, trust, reliance, dependence

e'tibaar

confidence, trust, belief, faith, reliability, credibility

baad-e-sabaa

morning breeze, the zephyr, a refreshing wind

rashk

jealousy, envy, grudge, malice

'alaamat-e-buluuG

sign of puberty, signs of being young

qaumii-salaamatii

national security, the safety of a nation, or actions taken to protect it

ziist

life, existence

'azm-e-safar

determination to travel

raqiib

a watcher, guardian

alfaaz

words, articulate sounds, terms

qillat

littleness, smallness; fewness, paucity, deficiency, scarcity, insufficiency

amvaat

deaths

taGaaful

feigned negligence, intentional connivance

firaaq

separation, disunion, abandonment

bad-nasiib

unfortunate, unlucky

'aduu

enemy, foe, oppositionist , opponent,

anjum

stars

'adl

justice, fairness, equity, rectitude

chilman

a hanging screen made of reeds or spilt bamboo for obstructing view, curtain, a venetian blind

difaa'

defence, repulsion

ulfat

love, affection, friendship, intimacy, familiarity, attachment, kindness

ranjish

indignation, grief, unpleasantness (between persons)

samaa'at

hearing, listening, (of a lawsuit)

dil-aazaarii

heart afflicting, torment of the heart, vexation of spirit, anxiety, trouble

tauhiin-e-'adaalat

contempt of court

mansuuba

plan, design, scheme, project

'adaavat

hostility, malice, enmity, animosity, hate, hatred, resentment, vindictiveness, malice, feud

'azm

determination, resolution, intention, fixed purpose, bent, aim, undertaking

shab

night, night time

aaftaab

sun

Citation Index

Throughout the lexicographical compilation of Rekhta Dictionary, the team of editors have frequently consulted a variety of relevant referential resources in order to ensure encompassing coverage of the various registers of Urdu vocabulary, combined with all semantic variants recorded in the history of Urdu lexicographical scholarship.

We humbly express our sincere thanks to all those who contributed over the centuries in the creation of the resources we have consulted, before, and during our compilation process and also the contributions we expect to receive in future through www.rekhta.org. We strongly believe that past scholarship generously paves the way for progress and innovation in future.

A dictionary, Hindustani and English, John Shakespear, Third edition. (London: J.L. Cox and Son, 1834)

A New English-Hindustani Dictionary, With Illus. From English Literature And Colloquial English Translated Into Hindustani , S. W. Fallon. (Banaras: Medical Hall Press, 1883).

A Dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, John Thompson Platts. (London: W. H. Allen & Co., 1884)

Dictionary, Hindustāni and English: Duncan Forbes. (London: Wm. H. Allen & Co., 1886)

Sarmāya-e-Zabān-e-Urdu: Syed Zāmin Ali Jalāl Lucknawi. (Lucknow:1886-87)

Ameerul Lughāt (2 Volumes), Munshi Ameer Ahmad Ameer Meenai. (Agra: Maktaba Mufeed-e-Aam, 1891-1892)

A Comprehensive Persian-English Dictionary, including the Arabic words and phrases to be met with in Persian literature, Francis Joseph Steingass. (London: Routledge & K. Paul, 1892)

Ameerul Lughāt (2 Volumes), Munshi Ameer Ahmad Ameer Meenai. (Agra: Maktaba Mufeed-e-Aam, 1891-1892)

Makhzanul Muhāvarāt, Lāla Chiranji Lāl Dehlvi. (New Delhi: Imperial Book Depot, 1898)

Muhāvarāt-e-Hind: Subhān Baksh, (Delhi: Matba Mujtubāi, 1913)

Lughāt-un-Nisa, Syed, Ahmad Dehlvi, 1st edition. (Delhi: Kashiram Press, 1917)

Farhang-e-Shafaq: Lāta Prasād Shafaq Lucknawi). (Lucknow: Urdu Academy Lucknow, 1919)

Muhāvarāt-e-Hind: Subhān Baksh, (Delhi: Matba Mujtubāi, 1913)

Qarār-ul-Lughāt: Qarār Shahjahanpuri. (Lucknow: Matba Gulshan-e-Ibrāhim, 1919)

Noor-ul-Lughāt (4 volumes), Noor-ul-Hasan Nayyar Kākorvi (1924-34). (New Delhi: National Council For the Promotion of Urdu Language, 1998)

Najm-ul-Amsāl: Najmuddin, , Fourth Edition, (Lahore: Barqi Press, 1925)

Muneer-ul-Lughāt: Muneer Lucknawi, (Kanpur: Matba Majeedi, 1930)

Farhang-e-Ghālib: Imtiyāz Ali Arshi. (Rampur, 1947)

Farhang-e-Amsāl: Syed Masūd Hasan Rizvi Adeeb. (Kitab Nagar, Lucknow, 1958)

Urdu Lughat (Tareekhi Usool Par), 1st edition (21 Volumes). Ed. by Urdu Lughat Board. (Karachi: Urdu Lughat Board, 1958-2003)

Urdu Hindi Shabd Kosh Mohammed Mustafa Khan Maddah. (Uttar Pradesh: Uttar Pradesh Hindi Sansthan, 1959) ISBN: 9382175997)

Mānak Hindi Kosh, Ram Chandra Verma. (Allahabad : Hindi Sahitya Sammelan, 1962-66)

Hindustāni Kahāvat Kosh: S. W. Fallon, Translated by Krishn Anand Gupt. (New Delhi: National Book Trust, 1968)

Dakhni Urdu ki Lughat: Masūd Husain Khan and Ghulām Umar Khān. (Hyderabad: Andhra Pradesh Sahitya Academy, 1969)

Farhang-e-Asifiya (4 volumes), Syed Mohammad Asif Dehlvi. (New Delhi: National Academy, 1974)

Farhang Istilāhāt-e-Peshawarān (8 Volumes), Maulwi Zafrurrahmān Dehlvi. (Karachi: Anjuman Taraqqi Urdu, 1975)

Bahr-ul-M’aani (Dakni Urdu Lughat), Javed Vashisht. (Faridabad, 1987)

Sankshipt Hindi Shabd Sāgar: Ram Chandra Verma. (Kāshi: Nāgari Prāchārni Sabhā, 1989)

Urdu Hindi Dictionary. (New Delhi: Anjuman Taraqqi Urdu, 1995)

Dakani Lughat: Syeda Jafar, (New Delhi: N.C.P.U.L, 2008)

Farhang-e-Aryan (3 Volumes), Chander Shekhar. (Delhi: Centre for Persian Research, 2010) ISBN: 9789644391279

The Oxford English-Urdu Dictionary, Shanul Haq Haqqee. (Karachi: Oxford University Press, 2014). ISBN: 9780195793406

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