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निज़ाम-ए-क़ुदरत

वह व्यवस्था या प्रणाली जो प्रकृति के अनुसार हो, प्रभु का विधान, प्रकृतिक व्यवस्था, प्रकृतिक प्रणाली

शरीर

मनुष्य या पशु आदि के समस्त अंगों की समष्टि। सिर से पैर तक के सब अंगों का समूह, देह, तन, बदन, जिस्म

फ़लाह

मोक्ष, मुक्ति, नजात

ज़िम्नी-इंतिख़ाबात

वह चुनाव जो संसद या विधानसभा आदि के रिक्त स्थानों को भरने के लिए संबंधित क्षेत्रों में कराया जाए, उपचुनाव

दस्तूर

प्रथा या रीति, परंपरा, चाल, चलन, रस्म, रीति, रिवाज, तौर, तरीक़ा, परिपाटी, आचार, व्यवहार

वेसर

गदहा, गधा, खच्चर, अश्वतर

औखी

अनुचित बात, बुरी बात या चुभती हुई बात

बियारी

रात का भोजन, ब्यालू

हाथी के दाँत खाने के और दिखाने के और

दिखाने की चीज़ और होती है और काम में लाने की और, दिखावा और चीज़ है व्यवहार और चीज़, दुनिया के लोग बाहर से कुछ अंदर से कुछ और होते हैं

झिलमिल

जगमगाहट, झिलमिलाहट, सितारों की कम-कम चमक, चराग़ों का प्रतिबिंब पानी पर पड़ने की स्थिती

गुमाश्ता

वह मनुष्य जो किसी बड़े व्यापारी या कोठीवाल की ओर से बही आदि लिखने या माल ख़रीदने और बेचने पर नियुक्त हो, तिनिधि, नुमाइंदा, कारकुन, अभिकर्ता, एजेंट

सर तन से जुदा करना

सर या गर्दन काटना, जान से मारना

बख़्शी-ख़ाना

वेतन बाँटने का कार्यालय, सेना या चौकीदारों के वेतन बाँटने का कार्यालय

पैग़ंबर

मनुष्यों के पास ईश्वर का सँदेसा लेकर आने वाला, धर्मप्रवर्तक, संदेश वाहक, अवतार, दूत, प्रतिनिधि, जैसे, मूसा, ईसा, मुहम्मद

हुल्म

स्वप्न, सपना, ख़्वाब

सरकशी

अवज्ञा, विद्रोह, बग़ावत, अशिष्टता, दुष्टता, उद्देडता, उजड्डपन

सूली

प्राचीन काल में अपराधियों को प्राण-दंड देने हेतु प्रयुक्त उपकरण; सलीब

हम्माम

प्राचीन स्नानागारों का वह भीतरी कक्ष जिसमें गरम पानी की व्यवस्था रहती थी

साहिब-ए-मसनद

मसनद पर बैठने वाला, सिंहासन या तख़्त पर बैठने वाला, गद्दी पर बैठने वाला, राजा, शासक

निखट्टू

वह व्यक्ति जो कुछ न कमाए (कमाऊ का उलटा)

Home / Blog / Word Builders: The “Paa” you haven't Found Yet!

Word Builders: The “Paa” you haven't Found Yet!

by Rajat Kumar 28 April 2022 4 min Read

Word Builders: The “Paa” you haven't Found Yet!

 

 

pusht-e-pā maarī bas-ki duniyā par

zaḳhm paḌ paḌ gayā mire pā par

Such did I hit the world with my heel

That a wound ended up hitting my leg!

Meer Taqi Meer

 

Last time around, we picked a tiny, tiny word ‘Jaa’ to lay bare how words actually build our everyday lexicon. Continuing the series, here I am bringing you another little word that has enabled several other words to come to their feet!

Our focus-word today is “Paa”. Again like “Jaa” last time, it’s not the imperative of the Hindi verb “paanaa”, that is, to find, obtain.

Contentiously thought to be derived from the Sanskrit ‘Paadah’, i.e., feet, this “Paa” is a Persian one and means the foot (organ). But there are, as always, a bunch of other implied meanings of this word, too. These include, power/ability (as in that which helps maintain stability; foot), and cause/pretext (as in that upon which something stands; foot).

With its basic meanings out, we are all set to walk straight into the dust of words Paa has to kick!

Bar-paa

Hangaama hai kyun barpaa…., we’ve all heard this couplet! But do you know what Barpaa means?

Most people assume it means ‘to happen’, or ‘something to come to fruition’. But, there’s more to it.

From Persian, Bar means ‘on; over; above’, and “Paa”, we know too well now. Bar-Paa means to be ‘stood up, erected, or established’. The word can also extend to mean for something to be stirred up, as in Aashob Barpaa honaa, Shor Barpaa Hona, etc.

Therefore, Akbar’s “Barpaa” means Hangaama khaDaa honaa, and not Hangaama Hona.

If you can read that subtlety, you’ve learned a life lesson!

Paa-Jaama

From the Indianized Pai-Jaama to the Westernized Pa-jama, this is such a common word, that you might be wearing one while reading about it; do check!

Literally translating into ‘foot-cloth’, here ‘Paa’ means ‘leg’, as in, from waist to ankle, and not foot. Also, just think, would you ever individually use Paa for foot, or Jaama for cloth? But you’d definitely bring them together to flaunt your jammies! That unfolds another beautiful element of the fabric of Urdu language.

Interestingly, Jaama means a fabric that’s not yet shaped into a dress. So, in earlier times, a Paa-Jaama used to be not a carved-out cloth piece but just a fabric wrapped around the waist covering the entire leg; more like a modern-day Lungi!

Paamaal

Do you have a Rumaal in our Paa-Jaama? Anyway, let me introduce you to your hanky again then, literally!

This ‘Maal’ comes from the Persian infinitive ‘Maaliidan’, meaning ‘to rub, wipe off,’. This same Maalidan gives us the gerund/noun ‘Maalish’, meaning rubbing/massage. Suffix it to ‘Ruu’, i.e., face (as in Ruu-ba-Ruu; face-to-face), and you get Ruu-Maal – a face wiper! That’s also precisely how a hankey is made.

Following the same logic for ‘Paa-Maal’, it comes across as something being trampled under the foot. Unlike the mirthful meaning of Ruu-Maal, Paamaal means obliterated, destroyed, and wiped off by force or oppression.

Now that you know all that, tell me that you’ll never let your Ruu-Maal get Paa-Maal!

Paaya

This word is a great example of English-like gerund inflection happening in Persian.

A case in point, this word’s very own English translation! Just as ‘foot’ inflects to ‘footing’ in English, ‘Paa’ has inflected to ‘Paaya’.

You must have heard the expression ‘Fulaa.n ek buland-paaya Shayar hain!’. Paaya here means rank, stature, or better, footing itself. Further, it also means a step in the staircase/ladder; a low, use-and-throw tool (since it’s supposed to be stepped on!), and; trampling, footing (someone).

And if you enjoy puns, isko nahin paayaa to kya paaya!

Paaedaan

Daan is such a multihued Persian word! Here, it means something that can act as a container; as in Phuul-Daan (flower-vase), KuuDa-Daan (Dust-bin), Peek-Daan (Spit-box), and so on.

Paaedaan, as you’d have guessed, means a foot-rest/foot-keeper. It’s an ever-present tiny stool at Indian homes that elderly enjoy resting their feet on.

About the word, I couldn’t confirm if there is an Izafat between Paa and Daan, but I am certain that the word also means a doormat, so… Watch your step!!

Paazeb/Paayal

Ah, how can we forget this one; let me give you a quick rundown.

In Persian, Zebidan means to adorn, beautify. The verb contracts to the noun ‘Zeb’, that is, a jewel, stone, or an object of adornment. Once this Zeb heels up to our Paa, the two become Paa-Zeb, i.e., a foot-jewel, or simply, an anklet.

Another Zeb compound is Aurangzeb, or the jewel of the throne (Aurang).

Not sure how its Hindi variant Paayal has formed, but it definitely derived from the Paa we’re talking about.

And with that we’ve touched the foot of the blog. I know there are more compounds of the sort, such as Paa-Band, Paa-bos, Paa-posh, etc., I’ll let you share more Paa-variants in the comment box!


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