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suup to suup chhalnii bhii bolii jis me.n bahattar chhed

the kettle calling the pot black, the defective person should look at its own defects before opening the tongue, the one who have a clean image, then it is brag

zan-muriid

hen-pecked (husband), subservient husband, uxorious

ku.Dmaa.ii

the celebration of of an engagement, betrothal, engagement

duudh-shariik bahan

foster sister

baaGii

rebel, traitor, insurgent, mutineer, rebellious, disloyal

havaalaat

custody (plural & singular)

KHairaat

charity, alms

kal aanaa

to obtain relief, to be at ease.

murtasim

one who draws, printer, the one who sketches, engraver, the writer

mazduur

a hired labourer, worker

nizaam-e-qudrat

arrangement of nature, system of nature

shariir

body, body of animate being

zimnii-intiKHaabaat

an election that happens at a different time from a main election, to choose a Member of Parliament to replace one who has died or left his or her job, by-election

dastuur

custom, usage, manner, mode, fashion

vesar

a mule

aukhii

pinching or unpleasant remark

biyaarii

dinner

haathii ke daa.nt khaane ke aur dikhaane ke aur

all that glitters is not gold

jhilmil

twinkling of stars or light

gumaashta

superintendent, deputy, representative, agent, correspondent

Home / Blog / Birth of the Urdu language!!

Birth of the Urdu language!!

by Sabah Kausar 21 December 2021 3 min Read

Birth of the Urdu language!!


 

zabaa.n jis ko har ik bole usii kaa naam hai urdu

 zabaan-e-sher me.n fitrat kaa ik in.aam hai urdu

MAJID-UL-BAQRI

 

Urdu is a delight to the ears and so is its enriching history and culture. But ever wondered when did the Urdu language begin breathing? Pondering now? Let’s go back to history lane and gain some knowledge.

 

Urdu was born in the 12th century from the regional Apabhramsha of northwestern India. This newly-born speech was a breed of amalgamation of the Hindu and Muslim cultures (during the 12th to 16th centuries); a composite product of Ganga-Jamuni tehzeeb

 

This newly born baby was then named Hindustani which opened its limbs and unrolled itself overall in the Indian subcontinent.

 

Amir KHosrow, a renowned poet of the 13th century, played a crucial role in its infancy. He experimented with the language by drafting songs, dohas and couplets. 

 

Gingerly, Urdu saw the shining sun of youth and was callout by different names: Hindvi, Hindustani, Zaban-e-Hind, Hindi, Zaban-e-Delhi, Rekhta, Gujari, Dakkhani, Zaban-e-Urdu-e-Mualla, Zaban-e-Urdu, Urdu ‘the language of the camp’, Hindustani (in the late 17th century) and referred as Zaban-e-Urdu (in the early 18th century).

 

Albeit the word Urdu has Turkish origin, ‘ordu meaning ‘army’, the language carries no genes of Turkish. 75% of Urdu words have their etymological roots in Sanskrit and Prakrit and 25% to 30% of vocabulary comes from Persian and Arabic through Persian. 

 

Urdu, with baby steps and loanwords, grew up in a full-fledged man, fitting into the language of masses which was commonly spoken and easily fathomable and did wonders in the poetry genre.

 

So now, not only Urdu words you are aware of its birth; a voyage from the patter of tiny feet to sure-footed.

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