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Birth of the Urdu language!!
Urdu is a delight to the ears and so is its enriching history and culture. But ever wondered when did the Urdu language begin breathing? Pondering now? Let’s go back to history lane and gain some knowledge.
Urdu was born in the 12th century from the regional Apabhramsha of northwestern India. This newly-born speech was a breed of amalgamation of the Hindu and Muslim cultures (during the 12th to 16th centuries); a composite product of Ganga-Jamuni tehzeeb.
This newly born baby was then named Hindustani which opened its limbs and unrolled itself overall in the Indian subcontinent.
Amir KHosrow, a renowned poet of the 13th century, played a crucial role in its infancy. He experimented with the language by drafting songs, dohas and couplets.
Gingerly, Urdu saw the shining sun of youth and was callout by different names: Hindvi, Hindustani, Zaban-e-Hind, Hindi, Zaban-e-Delhi, Rekhta, Gujari, Dakkhani, Zaban-e-Urdu-e-Mualla, Zaban-e-Urdu, Urdu ‘the language of the camp’, Hindustani (in the late 17th century) and referred as Zaban-e-Urdu (in the early 18th century).
Albeit the word Urdu has Turkish origin, ‘ordu’ meaning ‘army’, the language carries no genes of Turkish. 75% of Urdu words have their etymological roots in Sanskrit and Prakrit and 25% to 30% of vocabulary comes from Persian and Arabic through Persian.
Urdu, with baby steps and loanwords, grew up in a full-fledged man, fitting into the language of masses which was commonly spoken and easily fathomable and did wonders in the poetry genre.
So now, not only Urdu words you are aware of its birth; a voyage from the patter of tiny feet to sure-footed.
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