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jhilmil

twinkling of stars or light

gumaashta

superintendent, deputy, representative, agent, correspondent

sar tan se judaa karnaa

to behead, to cut off the head of (someone)

baKHshii-KHaana

pay office, adjutant or paymasters office, general's office

paiGambar

message bearer, messenger, prophet, apostle

hulm

dreaming in sleep, seeing in sleep, dream, fancy

sarkashii

disobedience, refractoriness, mutiny, rebellion, insurrection

suulii

gallows, gibbet

hammaam

bathroom, bathhouse, hot bath

saahib-e-masnad

one who sits on a cushion, the one who seat on the royal cushion, king, president

nikhaTTuu

one who earns nothing

mastmaulaa

a drunken or careless man

hamla

attack, invasion, charge, aggression

'ubuurii-hukuumat

interim government

'ubuurii

provisional, interim, transitional

baadiyunnazar me.n

at first sight or glance, prima facie, to all appearances, apparently

milansaar

sociable, affable, convivial, friendly

bebaak

daring, bold, fearless

zimnii-intiKHaabaat

an election that happens at a different time from a main election, to choose a Member of Parliament to replace one who has died or left his or her job, by-election

anjaam

result, consequences, end, termination, conclusion, upshot, vexation

Home / Blog / Birth of the Urdu language!!

Birth of the Urdu language!!

by Sabah Kausar 21 December 2021 3 min Read

Birth of the Urdu language!!


 

zabaa.n jis ko har ik bole usii kaa naam hai urdu

 zabaan-e-sher me.n fitrat kaa ik in.aam hai urdu

MAJID-UL-BAQRI

 

Urdu is a delight to the ears and so is its enriching history and culture. But ever wondered when did the Urdu language begin breathing? Pondering now? Let’s go back to history lane and gain some knowledge.

 

Urdu was born in the 12th century from the regional Apabhramsha of northwestern India. This newly-born speech was a breed of amalgamation of the Hindu and Muslim cultures (during the 12th to 16th centuries); a composite product of Ganga-Jamuni tehzeeb

 

This newly born baby was then named Hindustani which opened its limbs and unrolled itself overall in the Indian subcontinent.

 

Amir KHosrow, a renowned poet of the 13th century, played a crucial role in its infancy. He experimented with the language by drafting songs, dohas and couplets. 

 

Gingerly, Urdu saw the shining sun of youth and was callout by different names: Hindvi, Hindustani, Zaban-e-Hind, Hindi, Zaban-e-Delhi, Rekhta, Gujari, Dakkhani, Zaban-e-Urdu-e-Mualla, Zaban-e-Urdu, Urdu ‘the language of the camp’, Hindustani (in the late 17th century) and referred as Zaban-e-Urdu (in the early 18th century).

 

Albeit the word Urdu has Turkish origin, ‘ordu meaning ‘army’, the language carries no genes of Turkish. 75% of Urdu words have their etymological roots in Sanskrit and Prakrit and 25% to 30% of vocabulary comes from Persian and Arabic through Persian. 

 

Urdu, with baby steps and loanwords, grew up in a full-fledged man, fitting into the language of masses which was commonly spoken and easily fathomable and did wonders in the poetry genre.

 

So now, not only Urdu words you are aware of its birth; a voyage from the patter of tiny feet to sure-footed.

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