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चले न जाए आँगन टेढ़ा

काम में कुशल न होने पर दूसरे पर आरोप मढ़ना

आगे नाथ न पीछे पगा

जिसके आगे-पीछे कोई न हो, जिसका अपना कोई न हो, असहाय, लावारिस, अकेला


जादूगर, वह व्यक्ति जो जादू दिखाता हो


शादी के पूर्व रिश्ता पक्का करने के लिए की जाने वाली रस्म, सगाई, शादी तै करना, रिश्ता करना

नज़र-भर देखना

भरपूर नज़र से देखना, ग़ौर से देखना, ध्यान से देखना


एक स्वामी के दास, जो आपस में ख्वाजःताश कहलाते हैं


कृपा, करुणा, तरस, ममता, दया


(पक्षियों का) पिंजरा, कबूतरों का दरबा जो बाँस की खपच्चियों से बनाते हैं


माँगने का अच्छा ढंग, कोई चीज़ इशारे इशारे में माँगना, ऐसे ढंग से चीज़ माँगना कि देने वाला देते हुए ख़ुशी महसूस करे


गुज़ारा, निर्वाह, जीवन-यापन, जीविका, निबाहना


जीवनानिर्वाह का अवलंब, जीवन का सहारा, जीविका साधन, आजीविका, वृत्ति, रोजी, रोजगार


बिखरा हुआ, छितरा हुआ, फैला हुआ, तितर-बितर, बिखरने वाला, फैलने वाला


अफ़ीमची की वह अवस्था जिमसें वह नशे की अधिकता के कारण सिर झुकाकर बैठे रहने की दशा में बेसुध या सोया हुआ सा रहता है, अफ़ीम के नशे में ऊँघना, अफ़ीम के नशे में धुत्त, अफ़ीम की झोंक

आँख ओट पहाड़ ओट

जो वस्तु आँख के सामने न हो यदि वह निकट हो तब भी दूर है

टाट उलटना

दिवालिया होने का संकेत देना या दिवालिया होने की सूचना देना, दिवालिया होना, दिवाला निकालना


अर्थात आप का क्या नाम है, (वाक्पटु समास, विशेषतः दिल्ली और लखनऊ दोनों स्थानों पर प्रचलित)


अभियोग-पत्र, आरोप-पत्र


जो ऊपरी स्तर से निचले स्तर की दूरी रखता हो

नाक पर ग़ुस्सा होना

जल्दी ग़ुस्सा होना, ज़रा ज़रा सी बात पर बिगड़ जाना, बहुत जल्दी ग़ुस्सा होना

मुँह पकड़ना

मुँह बंद करना, बोलने न देना, बोलने से रोकना

Home / Blog / Lost in Plurality: Urdu's Lesser-Known Plural Forms

Lost in Plurality: Urdu's Lesser-Known Plural Forms

by Atifa Haroon 27 September 2023 3 min Read

Lost in Plurality: Urdu's Lesser-Known Plural Forms

Urdu, a language of profound elegance and cultural richness, unfolds its hidden complexities beyond the surface. While it is renowned for its poetic charm, one facet often escapes the spotlight—the intriguing world of Urdu's lesser-known plural forms.

In the world of Urdu lexicology and syntax, we often find ourselves adding the familiar '-on' or '-ein' to create plurals, like transforming 'daraKHt' into 'daraKHton' or 'minnat' into 'minnatein.' It's like our default plural mode, right? But hold onto your linguistic hats, because here's the twist: these two trusty suffixes don't always create the correct plurals!

In the world of Urdu, there's a treasure trove of everyday words with plurals that break the mold. So, get ready to embark on an exciting quest to uncover these elusive and lesser-known plural forms. Acquainting oneself with these linguistic intricacies could undoubtedly set you apart in your next Urdu conversation, demonstrating a mastery of the language's subtle nuances.

Now, let's embark on this fascinating journey within a journey. The word "safar" is undeniably one of Urdu's most renowned words. Whether you're boasting about a leisurely vacation or flaunting your stroke of luck for a business class upgrade, "safar" is a term that's always on the move.

But pause for a moment in this linguistic voyage and ponder: what is the plural of "safar"? How would you express that your past journeys have been the highlight of the year? "safaron," "safaraat," "safarein"—none of these quite fit the bill, do they? Well, that's because the plural of "safar" is the intriguing and distinctive "asfaar."

One method of crafting plurals in Urdu involves adding "ا" in the initial position and "آ" in the middle position. Take the word "shajar" (tree), for example, which follows this rule to transform into its plural form: "ashjaar."

Now, consider the common word "fikr" (worry, apprehension), which undergoes a similar transformation to become "afkaar" in its plural form.

"daur" (period, time span) morphs into "advaar" in its plural version, exhibiting the pattern of "ا" in the initial position and "آ" in the middle position.

Let’s now look up the word ‘maqsad’, which means aim or objective. Have you ever stopped to ponder what its plural could be? 

Still thinking, are you? 

Well, that’s because the plural of maqsad is ‘maqaasid’, has been hiding under the cover for quite some time now and only a handful have been aware of its existence. 

To form such plurals, changes are made at the middle position (usually by adding the آ sound) and a short -i sound towards the end positions. 

The word ‘jaziira’ (islad) becomes’ jazaa.ir’ when converted to the plural form. Observe a similar pattern of changes occurring at the middle position (by adding the آ sound) and short i sound towards the final position of the word. 

Up next we have plural forms that are formed by adding a ‘-uu’ sound before the final position of a word. 

‘sadr’ (head of a gathering, leader) is a word commonly used in social settings. But, how often have you come across its plural? We bet on rarely. 

‘suduur’, the plural of sadr is another hidden plural in Urdu that took the back-seat (ironical enough, right?)

Similarly, we tend to use ‘qabrien’ as the plural of ‘qabr’. Even though not outright incorrect, yet qabrien is not the actual plural of qabr, because the correct plural is ‘qubuur’.

And with that, we put a lid to this Pandora’s Box with rare Urdu plurals tucked within. But, worry not, we’ve got a lot more to explore. So, stay tuned, and we'll see you on our next adventure soon!


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