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वेसर

गदहा, गधा, खच्चर, अश्वतर

औखी

अनुचित बात, बुरी बात या चुभती हुई बात

बियारी

रात का भोजन, ब्यालू

हाथी के दाँत खाने के और दिखाने के और

दिखाने की चीज़ और होती है और काम में लाने की और, दिखावा और चीज़ है व्यवहार और चीज़, दुनिया के लोग बाहर से कुछ अंदर से कुछ और होते हैं

झिलमिल

जगमगाहट, झिलमिलाहट, सितारों की कम-कम चमक, चराग़ों का प्रतिबिंब पानी पर पड़ने की स्थिती

गुमाश्ता

वह मनुष्य जो किसी बड़े व्यापारी या कोठीवाल की ओर से बही आदि लिखने या माल ख़रीदने और बेचने पर नियुक्त हो, तिनिधि, नुमाइंदा, कारकुन, अभिकर्ता, एजेंट

सर तन से जुदा करना

सर या गर्दन काटना, जान से मारना

बख़्शी-ख़ाना

वेतन बाँटने का कार्यालय, सेना या चौकीदारों के वेतन बाँटने का कार्यालय

पैग़ंबर

मनुष्यों के पास ईश्वर का सँदेसा लेकर आने वाला, धर्मप्रवर्तक, संदेश वाहक, अवतार, दूत, प्रतिनिधि, जैसे, मूसा, ईसा, मुहम्मद

हुल्म

स्वप्न, सपना, ख़्वाब

सरकशी

अवज्ञा, विद्रोह, बग़ावत, अशिष्टता, दुष्टता, उद्देडता, उजड्डपन

सूली

प्राचीन काल में अपराधियों को प्राण-दंड देने हेतु प्रयुक्त उपकरण; सलीब

हम्माम

प्राचीन स्नानागारों का वह भीतरी कक्ष जिसमें गरम पानी की व्यवस्था रहती थी

साहिब-ए-मसनद

सिंहास या मसनद पर बैठने वाला, मंत्री या सेनापति का राज-सिंहासन पर बैठना, महाराजा, राजा

निखट्टू

वह व्यक्ति जो कुछ न कमाए (कमाऊ का उलटा)

मस्तमौला

जो मनमाने ढंग से काम करता हो, अपने में मस्त रहने वाला, मनमौजी

हमला

धावा, हल्ला, आक्रमण, युद्धयात्रा

'उबूरी-हुकूमत

अंतरिम सरकार, मध्यवर्ती व अस्थायी सरकार

'उबूरी

अंतरिम, अस्थाई, हंगामी

बादियुन्नज़र में

प्रथम दृष्टया, ऊपर से देखने पर, ज़ाहिर मे, प्रत्यक्ष रूप में

Home / Blog / Haan: All about Here, There, and Everywhere!

Haan: All about Here, There, and Everywhere!

by Rajat Kumar 26 August 2022 5 min Read

Haan: All about Here, There, and Everywhere!

kaabe me.n jaa.n-ba-lab the ham duurii-e-butaa.n se
aa.e hai.n phir ke yaaro ab ke KHudaa ke haa.n se

Mir Taqi Mir

Words morph, pronunciations whirl, expressions change, and meanings shift, but rarely do we come across utterances that have been so drastically revamped that modern-day speakers need a reintroduction to what they originally sounded like.

Today’s blog features one such word that we have long embraced in our Roz-Marra, but differently.

Haan, commonly known as yes, is a word well known and understood. But there is another archaic side of it that needs a revisital, a recountal!

Urdu-wise readers would’ve already identified it in Mir’s couplet above - KHudaa ke haa.n se, meaning from God’s place, i.e., The Holy Kaaba. For Urdu-light folks, there’s a whole lot to dive into!

In its original sense, ‘Haan’ means ‘here’, or ‘this place’. The word is actually a corrupted form of the Sanskrit Sthana (place). Interestingly, Sthana literally means the place where one stands, or remains, i.e., home or dwelling. On similar lines, the word mirrors Qiyam in Urdu, which also means standing, but also extends to mean a place of stay. That’s why we commonly hear in Urdu, “Un kaa qiyam in dino.n fulaan jagah hai”.

At this point, it’s also good to take note of the Persian side of things, because eventually, this will allow us to draw a close parallel on how two different words have undergone a similar evolution. 

Remember our Jaa blog? If you do, you’d know that Jaa means place in Persian. The same turns into iin-jaa (here) and aan-jaa (there). Here’s a - personal favorite - couplet by Urfi Shirazi who masterfully versifies these two words:

Mohabbat sham’-e-bazm-e-quds-o-maa parwaana-e-bairuu.n
Che haal-ast in nami-daanam, charaagh aanjaa-wa-duud iinjaa

Passion, the beacon of gathering of sacredness, and I, the firefly on the out
What state this, I know not; the burning lamp there, the smoke here

Now with the background set, let’s return home. You must have heard, ii-haa.n and uu-haa.n (without the nasalization) for ‘here’ and ‘there’ in Awadhi, Braj, and Bhojpuri. The lineage of these two words can also be traced back to the two Persian words above. But what’s even more interesting is that iin and aan later morphed into ya-haa.n and wa-haa.n.

From a script standpoint, Urdu readers would of course know ‘ii’ and ‘uu’ are written the same as ‘ya-’ and ‘wa-’. Later, these vowels turned into semi-vowels, as it so often happens. Case in point, the word Musawwada – predominantly pronounced as Masauda – is a result of this very kind of digression. 

The very same kind of thing happens with Jahaa.n that’s formed of the Sanskrit Yat and Sthana, meaning that place (unknown), and Tahaa.n, formed of Tat and Sthana, meaning that place (known). 

As a quick rundown, thus far we’ve figured out the word’s full rationale of evolution - Haan coming from the Sanskrit Sthana; Ya- and Wa- diluting from the Persian iin and aan; Ta- and Ja- from Sanskrit Tat and Yat. Now is a good place to dive into the question: ‘kahaan’ kahaan se aaya? 

Well, it comes from the Sanskrit interrogative Kim (किम्), which later became Ka in Hindustani, and Ki in Punjabi, forming Kahaan and Kitthe in the two languages respectively. Additionally, the ‘th’ sound that you hear in Punjabi again finds its roots in Sthana. 

Interestingly, Kahaan’s Persian twin, namely Kujaa, is also inspired by Kim, first molding into Kuu, meaning where/who, and later shortening to just Ku and clubbing with Jaa.

Here’s a fine verse by Ismail Merathi, demonstrating fine skill in wordplay:

kujaa hastii bataa de tuu kahaa.n hai
jise kahte hai.n bismil niim-jaa.n hai

On that note, let us know if this piece was informative and if you’d have more yahaan-wahaan ki baaten about these words!

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